Wendy Pollack is the founder and director of the Women’s Law and Policy Initiative at the Shriver Center. She has worked extensively on public benefits and work supports, workforce and economic development, education, employment, family law, violence against women and girls, gender equity in schools, and other issues, on the local, state, and federal level. Before coming to the Shriver Center in May 1996, she worked on the welfare law team at the Legal Assistance Foundation of Metropolitan Chicago (now Legal Aid Chicago) and as one of its neighborhood staff attorneys. Before becoming a lawyer, she was a union carpenter and cofounder of Chicago Women Carpenters in 1979 and Chicago Women in Trades in 1982. She serves on the board of directors of the Chicago Jobs Council. She is a 1989 graduate of Harvard Law School.
Tipping proliferated in the United States after the Civil War, when the restaurant and hospitality industries hired newly emancipated Black women and