Skip to main content
ClearingHouse Community
Part of the Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law
Menu ≡

1997 January - February

Changes in Supplemental Security Income Disability Program May Spell Loss of Benefits for Tens of Thousands of Children

By Thomas Yates

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 makes several changes in the children's Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, the most far-reaching being the tightening of the children's SSI disability standard. This article discusses these changes, issues raised in implementation of the Act';s new childhood disability standard, and the overall impact of other welfare program changes.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

The Welfare Law and Its Effects on Medicaid Recipients

By The National Health Law Program, The National Center for Youth Law & The National Senior Citizens Law Center

Although, on paper, the new welfare law preserves entitlement to Medicaid, coverage for several groups of poor people will be dramatically affected by the law's implementation. This article analyzes the effect of the welfare law on Medicaid, in particular, how the law affects coverage of families with children, children in foster care and children with special needs, children with disabilities, and immigrants.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

The Family Law Implications of the 1996 Welfare Legislation

By Paula Roberts

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act of 1996 contains a number of provisions of importance to family law practitioners and their clients, in particular, changes with respect to paternity establishment and enforcement of child support orders that could be extremely helpful to those who need and want child support. For clients who rely on public assistance, these changes have added importance.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

Preserving Services for Immigrants

State and Local Implementation of the New Welfare and Immigration Laws

By The National Immigration Law Center

Immigrants are drastically affected by benefit restrictions imposed by the welfare act as well as the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996. These restrictions reach well beyond the traditional welfare programs to other services, including supplemental security income and food stamps. This article discusses the many choices state and local governments face in implementing the new welfare and immigration laws.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

The Impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 on Food and Nutrition Programs

By Carrie M. Lewis

Although the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 maintains the Food Stamp Program as an entitlement, it cuts the program by over $27 billion over six years, restricts eligibility, and eliminates a number of recipient protections. The Act also cuts funding for several child nutrition programs, including the Summer Food Service Program and the Child and Adult Care Food Program. This article reviews the major changes in nutrition programs, analyzes the potential impact of the changes, and suggests areas for advocacy.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

Legal Representation and Advocacy Under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

By Alan W. Houseman

As the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 makes drastic, fundamental changes in government programs affecting low-income persons, it has a critical effect on legal advocacy for the poor. This article sets out the framework for the advocacy that will be necessary to respond to developments and discusses what programs funded by the Legal Services Corporation can do to carry out their vital role in representing low-income clients in this new environment.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

Welfare Reforming the Workplace

Protecting the Employment Rights of Welfare Recipients, Immigrants, and Displaced Workers

By Sharon M. Dietrich, Maurice Emsellem & Karen Kithan Yau

Workfare has taken on new dimensions with the work requirements mandated by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. This article examines the mechanics and implications of these requirements, the elimination of employment protections for workfare participants, the expansion of workfare into the private sector, and ways to maximize training opportunities in light of TANF's mechanisms for discouraging education and training in favor of immediate work.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢

Implementation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Block Grant

An Overview

By Mary R. Mannix, Henry A. Freedman, Marc Cohan & Chris Lamb

Abolishing the nation's 61-year commitment to a federal safety net for poor families with children, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act repealed the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, which was aiding some five million families, and replaced it with the fundamentally different Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. This article briefly reviews the state TANF implementation process and discusses key choices and constraints states face under TANF, with particular emphasis on areas where advocacy efforts are needed.

Download this article   |   Read more ➢
↑ Go up to the top.